Satellite Systems

 

NOAA AVHRR

With ~20 years of data record, the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer offers a unique opportunity for retrospective processing of 1-km data into time series of active fires and burned areas. AVHRR continues to provide useful information on board the current POES series. However, its instrument characteristics are inferior to the recent experimental and semi-operational systems. On the future NPOESS series AVHRR will be replaced by VIIRS.

Instrument/program overview

EOS AM/PM (Terra/Aqua) MODIS

The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer is currently providing global, medium-resolution near-real time measurements useful for fire mapping. The improved geolocation accuracy and more suitable radiometric characteristics allow the production of higher accuracy active fire and burned area products.

Instrument/program overview

DMSP OLS

Night-time visible data from the Operational Linescan System on board the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program can be used for global fire mapping at medium resolution.

Instrument/program overview

TRMM VIRS

The Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission Visible and Infrared Scanner provides medium resolution VIS, NIR, SWIR and IR measurements from a low inclination orbit. It can be used for the sampling of the burning activity in the tropical and sub-tropical regions at various local times.

Instrument/program overview

ERS ATSR and ENVISAT AATSR

The Along Track Scanning Radiometer on board the ERS-1 and -2 satellites, and the Advanced ATSR on board ENVISAT are dual-view medium resolution sensors, which provide VIS, NIR and SWIR measurements for burnt area mapping and active fire detection.

Instrument/program overview: ATSR, AATSR

ENVISAT MERIS

The Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer has 15 programmable channels to measure the reflected solar radiation in the VIS and NIR spectral region at 300 m resolution. Potential applications include burned area mapping.

Instrument/program overview

SPOT VGT

The VEGETATION instrument provides medium-resolution, global VIS and NIR, high-quality measurements that are useful for burned area mapping.

Instrument/program overview

LANDSAT TM, ETM+

The Thematic Mapper, which was replaced by the Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus, provide high resolution imagery for burned area mapping and for the validation of medium-resolution burned area products.

Instrument/program overview

EOS AM (Terra) ASTER

The Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer provides high resolution VIS, NIR and SWIR data coincident with MODIS observations near the center of the swath. ASTER is a valuable tool for the validation of MODIS active fire products and burned area maps from various satellite systems.

Instrument/program overview

BIRD satellite

The Bi-spectral Infrared Detection is a small satellite that provides VIS, NIR and SWIR data for burned area mapping and active fire detection at 185 m and 370 m respectively.

Instrument/program overview

NPP/NPOESS VIIRS

The Visible/Infrared Imager Radiometer Suite will be first flown aboard the NPOESS Preparatory Project (NPP) and then on board the National Polar-orbiting Operational Satellite System (NPOESS). It will provide similar measurements to MODIS at higher resolution.

Instrument/program overview

ADEOS-II GLI

The Global Imager on board the Advanced Earth Observation Satellite has 36 bands in the VIS, NIR, SWIR, MIR and TIR spectral regions which are useful for burned area mapping and active fire detection.

Instrument/program overview

GOES Imager and sounder

Both the lower resolution sounder and and higher resolution imager instruments on board the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite have bands in the SWIR window that allow active fire detection.

Instrument/program overview

MSG SEVIRI

The Spinning Enhanced Visible and Infrared Imager on board the Meteosat Second Generation satellites will carry a SWIR band suitable for active fire detection.

Instrument/program overview

MTSAT JAMI

The Japanese Advanced Meteorological Imager (JAMI) on board the Multi-functional Transport Satellite will provide SWIR measrurements at 2 km resolution that will be useful for active fire detection.